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  • Loose and binding materials and mixtures /

    What is drywall

    Ten years ago we did not know the drywall. When decorating the room elegance and expressiveness achieved by using good old plaster and stucco. Now, designers, architects, builders only wonder: how did they could without it? After all, it inspires the creation of drywall labyrinthine multi-tiered ceiling with lighting, curved walls with numerous niches, shelves and scalloped holes. He gives the multivariate interior and architectural expressiveness of high buildings.








    Plasterboard - is a composite material in sheet form, length 2.5, -4.8 m, width 1.2-1.3 m, and the thickness of 8-24 mm. The basis of such a sheet is gypsum, and the outer plane lined cardboard. To achieve the required performance gypsum core that characterize its strength, density, etc., it was added special components that enhance its performance properties. Cardboard performs the role as a reinforcing frame, and the beautiful basis for the application of any finishing material (plaster, wallpaper, paint, ceramic tile). So it turns the material both flexible and rigid. The builders of the most popular products German company Knauf TIGI.







    In their physical and hygienic properties plasterboard ideal for living quarters, and here's why. It is environmentally friendly, contains no toxic ingredients and no harmful effect on the environment, which is confirmed by hygienic certificate and radiation. He - energy-saving material having more and good sound quality. Fireproof and fire-resistant. It should also be noted that the plasterboard "breathes", i.e. when it absorbs the excess moisture in the air and sends it when the air is too dry. It's very important, we can say priceless quality of material used indoors. With such walls we can breathe easier. Plus - it has an acidity analogous to the human skin pH. The last two properties allow the drywall to regulate indoor climate naturally and significantly contribute to the creation of a harmonious atmosphere.

    Each of these properties can be enhanced, if necessary dedicate plasterboard sheet for a particular purpose. Accordingly, the industry produces in addition to standard drywall sheets (FCL), fire resistant (GKLO) and waterproof (gypsum plasterboard). In recent introduced substances that destroy fungi, they are used for decoration of kitchens, toilets and bathrooms. Fireproof used to furnish all kinds of air ducts and shafts of communication. And then there are the so-called partition wallboards, in which the calcined gypsum. Their strength increases so that you can use as interior partitions, without any preparation to paint, hang wallpaper or brick tiles. These walls are one-, two- and three layers. Recent applies in seismically dangerous areas for residential, Civil and industrial buildings at all levels of fire resistance. These cavities can be constructed, electric and telephone cables, dust extraction, heating and water communications.


    Experts like this story yet and excellent processing properties. It has low weight. When using it excludes inconvenient "wet" processes that create at the facility uncomfortable conditions, significantly increases productivity labor, and thus saves the customer time and hassle. Through the apartment office or repair, you will avoid the construction debris and dirt.






    In fact, drywall invented not today, in the form of flat sheets of it has long been used for internal finishing and leveling of walls, sometimes called "dry plaster." This is a new technology to use it. When the fashion went renovation with its high demands on the geometry of space and quality of surfaces, there was a rebirth of this material. Architects found that the sheets can be imparted, if desired, any shape. Dome covering, columns, arches of all kinds, the most difficult transitions from one plane to another, the curved surface - all these elements of drywall. The system of metal frames, recruited from the standard profiles the prefabricated, designed so that you can create a wall of any complex shape. A new method of "dry construction", where you do not have any "raw" plaster or mandatory wallpaper.


    Mounted pretty simple. When wall covering in a single layer plasterboard sheet assembly adhesive is applied on a plaster base. And when the sheets GCR going to the frames, then they are fastened with screws. Before you cover of concrete walls, they moisturize gently bend and fix until the dry out and take shape. Nailed to the wall with concrete nails (dowels) frame of wooden boards or slats, previously having considered its size accurately. Thus between the sheet and the wall there is an empty space of approximately 2-2.5 cm, which provides additional insulation. In the ceiling for finishing drywall drilled holes in them are driven wooden plugs and nailed slats similar wall frame. Sheets nailed so that space remains between 4-5 mm for further finishing seams.



    This simple technology, and own it, even unlicensed team of builders. They will take, and erect anything "on the wooden hosh, hosh on metal frame." But conceiving repair, consider the following. The main trick when working with this material is in the finishing. The more complex the design, the more difficult to achieve accurate pairing of the faces. Perfectly smooth joints become, after painstaking work plasterer, who will be able to rectify the situation and give the surface the desired geometry.






    But all is fixed, docked and plaster . The question arises: is it possible for such a wall or partition to hang anything? It is possible, but not with a nail. Only dowels, and their sizes are selected depending on the thickness of the lining and weight. For example, in the false ceilings of GCR can be suspended loads, the weight of which does not exceed 6 kg per 1 square meter with special decompresses the plastic plugs.

    Popularity drywall, as they say, can not be overstated. The concepts of "modern materials" - "renovation" - "drywall" almost identical. It provides unlimited possibilities for the realization of the most original projects and developments, including shelves, racks for mini-bar, walls, shelves ... Thanks to these new materials, professionals are able to give your unique individual housing face.

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