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  • Instruments /

    Paint tools. How to choose the right paint brush and roller?


    Paint tools. How to choose the right paint brush and roller? The final stage of finishing work is the painting of different surfaces, which is available to perform a huge range of high quality paints and varnishes. Everyone will be able to choose the most suitable option!

    Everyone knows that the quality of the painting depends on the quality of instruments that are used for these purposes. In particular, it concerns the brushes and rollers.

    Requirements for the paint brush

    Today, the quality of the hand presented some specific requirements.

    • Firstly, it must recruit and retain the paint for a while. It is desirable that during the carrying capacity of the brush to paint a treated surface it did not drip.
    • Second, the brush should apply paint to the painted surface evenly, without any additional dovodok.

    Brush made with cotton bandage, metal or plastic clips, with plastic or wooden handles. For the « stuffing » use mixed natural or synthetic materials. The color produced natural bristle black, light gray and. For greater strength, elasticity and durability bristles boil.

    Materials   manufacture   brush

    Top rigid brush made of spinal and poluhrebtovoy bristle. Due to the fact that such hair tapering structure differ, they take more coloring composition less spray and eventually turns perfectly painted surface. However, these brushes have a pretty high price.

    Much cheaper brushes are made of horsehair, but they are relatively easily damaged: the pile loses flexibility, falls, work becomes difficult, as the dripping paint.

    Much longer serve as a brush made of synthetic fibers, but with proper maintenance. However, this holds little paint brush, much of which flows down to the floor, increasing its consumption.

    For the manufacture of thin paneled brushes used soft bristles made from hair proteins and the column.

    All types of brushes have different purposes:

    • Round is used for painting doors, windows, horizontal and smooth surfaces.
    • Flat brush is used for glazing and painting large surfaces made of wood.
    • For painting metal wire constructions , radiators and metal pipes that are in hard to reach places, use a special brush. Their distinctive feature of — long handle and a clip having bristles and angled.
    • Pobelochnye brush is used when painting large surfaces: floors, ceilings, walls, for the application of dispersion, lime paints, primers, and all sorts of impregnating agents. They are large in size and high performance. On the pen brush, working from the ceiling, put a plastic tank, it's going to paint that drips from the brush. Bristle at the ceiling brushes inserted into the housing series. Such brushes are not suitable for work with paints.
    • The biggest is considered centrifugal brush. This   a bundle of bristles, the length of which reaches one hundred and eighty millimeters,   He strung on a stick the length of two meters and tied with twine. This brush is used for painting large areas.
    • handbrake — small round brush with short handle. Its diameter ranges from thirty to fifty millimeters. Pile of brushes made of pure bristle poluhrebtovoy that allows a perfectly smooth surface to paint. Brush handbrake is used for priming and painting of the bottlenecks and small areas.
    • Fleitz — This brush-spatula hundred millimeters wide. The main purpose of fleyts considered processing freshly painted surfaces, removing traces of the handbrake, or centrifugal brush. Fleyts useful as stand-alone tools, and are suitable for all kinds of paints.
    • Filenochnye brush is a round brush of small diameter. They   designed for finishing painted surfaces — stencil design drawings, drawing panels, applying the paint in those places where there are other brushes. They are made of the hair column, squirrels or badgers.
    • Crosscutting is the only kind of brushes, where permissible use of synthetic bristle. Its purpose — no staining, and the completion of freshly painted surfaces by oil-based paints and adhesives to create a rough-matte texture.

    Handling and caring for a paint tool  

    The durability of the tool depends on the proper care. When using the   brushes need to perform several recommendations. For example, not long ago used or new brushes before the painting work must be washed with soapy hot water to remove dust and broken hairs. Then bristles pressed and dried. Before starting work, it is macerated in water until the swelling and softening. From beneath the surface of this brush comes out smooth and evenly colored.

    After drying Tool « developed ». To do this, typed on a brush and paint a small amount of it is colored rough surface: concrete, brick, rough plaster — as long as the hair does not become tapered shape « plume ».

    It is also important to use the right brush while you work. For example, a round brush in the process of staining is recommended from time to time to rotate in the hand to hair   bristles and mechanical wear evenly around the entire circumference. When the painters are advised not to press hard with the brush, otherwise the hair and beard are cleared quickly.

    During a short break in the brush is left to paint. It is also possible to omit the tool in different liquids. For example, using casein, glue and lime formulations — in water, oil paint — in linseed oil, water, turpentine or kerosene, after the enamel or varnish — in a solvent which is suitable for the painting material. Most   experts do not recommend deep into the brush, but only for the length of the bristles. At long intervals, and at the end of the brush is well rinsed, drained and dried. Dried brush should be wrapped in parchment and put the store in a dry dark place.

    Paint roller

    To work on large areas to the aid of a roller, which has a higher capacity than the brush. This   tools — reliable and easy to use assistant for painter.

    There are rollers on the design and size of the roll-packing, use, and length of pile material coats. Size-roll nozzle is determined by the length and diameter of the core. Depending on the surface to be treated is selected and nozzle that helps to reduce the consumption of material. Rollers having a diameter of the core is less than forty millimeters, used for varnishing works for surfaces located in remote places.

    There are many mini-rolls and rolls, which are made from man-made and natural materials.

    • Rollers with fur nozzle is perfect for oil paints, lacquers and various enamels.
    • Rollers made of lambskin, allow to ensure uniform application of the paint.
    • Velour is a wonderful material, which helps to get a smooth surface.
    • Rollers of polyamide used for applying various kinds of paints prepared with water-based dispersion and which contains the solvents. This material is perfectly absorbs and transmits the paint. Roller fairly easy to clean, does not require special care. It is resistant to aggressive elements, which is part of various dyes.
    • A roller made of polyacrylic, used for the application of paints, which have a limited solvent content,   paints for walls and ceilings, and dispersion paints.
    • Foam Roller is ideal for water and stain the surface of the adhesive. But it is not suitable for paints, oil paints and enamels, as solvents, which are included in their composition, corrode foam. In addition, the surface can be small pieces of material.

    The design of the roller

    Handle the roller should be attached to the nozzle so that it can be easily rotated to remove or replace. At the same time it must maintain these properties for a long time.

    There is a   several kinds of attachment, namely:

    • rigid, fixed — the handle is attached to the nozzle, which is discarded after wear with a handle;
    • coupler system — embedded in each nozzle member which holds the handle — coupling; shift after wear roller can be used many times more;
    • frame system is operated repeatedly, for her, there are special rollers that have no nucleus.

    Also, using special rollers. For example, framed and angle of polyamide. Last used for painting the interior angles. When   help paneled panels easily applied, as it does not want to cut stencils or make a special line. When painting the different pipes, stair and balcony railings indispensable roller-scissors. Also suitable for coating pipes with three annular ridges movable nozzles made of polyamide. When the air bubbles to the surface to get help spetsvaliki.

    A wide range of paint tools

    Today, a vast choice of tools for application different materials with a decorative effect. These include   relief rollers made of rubber, which distinguish eighteen kinds of design for processing of thick paint and plaster. Also suitable for this purpose rollers of moltoprenovoy sponges having different pore size, and natural sponges, allowing to obtain a variety of effects. The combination of different types of tools and techniques for working with different versions of the structure helps to increase the surface and decorative patterns.

    Be sure to pay attention to the proper conduct of work with rollers. On the market today are sold with special baths squeezing bars, where you can put a cushion for small breaks. There is a   another option — can be wrapped in packing cloth,   soaked with water, kerosene, turpentine or solvent. To reduce the   evaporation of moisture cushion is better to put in a plastic bag. At the end of the work roll must be well rinsed, squeeze, dry and store in a dry place, wrapped in parchment.

    Usually, Paint tools. How to choose the right paint brush and roller? made companies which are engaged in production of paints and varnishes.  

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