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  • Electrical /

    Features wiring flush

    Faced with any repairs to the apartment or private home, always have to deal with the electrician. Professionals recommend to start electrical work   best before the start phase of finishing, which is especially important in laying flush technology.

    It is desirable that the entire house or apartment has new wiring, otherwise you may face the problem of the connection of the modern with the old copper wire, aluminum, in the place of installation of junction boxes. Such twisting will not be of good quality, and in some cases even a fire hazard.

    Of course, the intricacies of electrical wiring in areas best left to a professional electrician with the admission to the different loads on the wire, but highlights the installation of hidden wiring everyone should know.

    Features wiring flush

    Project flush

    If you have already planned the place where will be installed and the electrical installation of lighting, you can start to draw up a plan as to all devices that will harness divorce. At this stage, every electrician is guided by such rules:

    • Note The location of the shield and end points;
    • Area distribution boxes;
    • Installation point sockets;
    • Places installation of switches and lighting fixtures (chandeliers, sconces, spotlights);
    • The height of the installation of sockets and switches;
    • Wire to each point;
    • Power batchfile in panels and outlets.

    The main feature of flush is that it allows you to do all the electrical communication invisible. The wires are mounted in a plaster or cavities walls, floor slabs, suspended ceiling, etc.

    Concealed wiring in the walls of concrete and bricks

    Wiring in walls of concrete and bricks executed on technology – shtroblenie. Do special small Grooves 10-15 mm in width and a depth of no more than 20 mm. To do this, use either a normal punch with a nozzle for chipping or special wall chaser that no dust, noise and very fast straight cuts grooves in any material.

    If you do not have such a tool, you can use a conventional grinder with a cutting diamond wheel and cut these grooves yourself. After that, quite a chisel and hammer to knock the plaster and lay wires.

    In order to secure the wiring was recorded in cutting grooves it is necessary to fasten the special plug-clamps or « fix », using a mixture of plaster, which for a few seconds freezes and locks the wire in Stroebe. This stage is considered the rough, and after laying wire from the junction box to a power outlet and its fixation in Stroebe, groove with a wire can handle putty or plaster.

    Features wiring flush

    Installation flush in suspended ceilings

    This is the easiest and fastest option gasket flush over long distances. When mounting a false ceiling, for example, plasterboard, is sufficient clearance to place there all kinds of communication, including cable. It immediately runs wiring harness to the ceiling for each lamps, chandeliers and other.

    Installation is carried out from the junction box up on the main ceiling (overlapping) screwed collars that will hold the cable in limbo. Mounting a wire in a suspended ceiling, should be considered a feature: the presence of air around the wiring, which means that the short-circuit cable shield may ignite and burn. To avoid this, when installing flush in suspended structures with cavities used gofrokanal, which placed each cable separately. Installation of corrugated channels - a fire technology, which at the slightest risk of fire or heating cable in its corrugated sheath begins to contract and extinguish the fire.

    Concealed wiring in the walls of plasterboard

    This method of laying the wire is somewhat similar to the embodiment as in suspended ceilings. Here the distance between the profile is present, which can be used for routing communications. Again, it is worth noting that in such installation work is used gofrokanaly, increase fire safety.

    Wire in drywall constructions laid even before the cladding sheets of drywall. After installing a metal frame to place the junction box assembly is supplied wires, and here he is fixed. From this node are distributed to cable sockets, switches and lamps. Each wire is suspended within a frame at a certain distance in a place where the future is planned to be sockets and switches.

    Once everything is ready, you can sheathe plasterboard frame and in places where they should be outlets, circuit breakers and switchgear. boxes corresponding drilled holes. Then the case for small - pulled wire or bundle of wires, installed Escutcheon and the entire electrical circuit looped.

    Installation flush in the floor

    Run this kind of flush is possible only in case if you have not poured screed. The main advantage of this method of wiring is that it is possible to lay the cable with minimal loss at the corners and bends. There is no need to bypass cutting grooves and doorways, windows, and so on. Suffice it directly from the switchboard prokinut solid wire to a power outlet, fix it on the ground floor and the top layer to fill the screed.

    Any difficulties and problems in this process, there should not be, but more importantly, to the project in the electrical wiring was clearly stated in what places and at what distance is the wire. In the future, when laying flooring, in case of drilling the floor, so you do not damage « immured » cable.

    Features wiring flush

    Installation boxes, sockets and switches

    While installing concealed wiring in the house, do not forget that modern technology allows to make mounting sockets, switches and junction boxes with minimal protrusion from the wall. Within the walls of plasterboard, we have already discussed, such as the installation is done, everything is simple and fast. Enclosures fixed in grooves on special clips. With concrete walls a bit more complicated, longer, but it is quite feasible in the presence of tools and theoretical knowledge.

    To take a concrete or brick wall set podrozetnik, you need to groove. Previously, it used a chisel and a hammer, now has a wide range of tools can do the job quickly and efficiently. The recesses are made using a special nozzle and punch-crown, which stands Escutcheon template and drilled into the wall of an exact copy of it.

    When ready to deepen, it is necessary to remove dust, diluted mixture of plaster, coated with a recess in the wall, and the mixture is pushed podrozetnik. Alabaster mixture podrozetnik quickly fixes to the wall and secure it to hold for many years.

    Also made room for the installation of switches, switch boxes, TV and telephone outlets. When the plaster stood in podrozetnik dragged advance failed wire and can be installed inside of the device.

    Important! Work on plaster, in a wooden house

    If the house is wooden and did not plan to use suspended ceilings, drywall or other structures are also possible to install flush. In this case, the following rules:

    • All cables are laid inside the walls only by using metal cable channels;
    • Upgrades to switches or sockets are done vertically;
    • Junction boxes and flush uses only steel;
    • The wires are used with additional plastic sheath;
    • Outlets and switches are matched to the characteristics of a long time can withstand the heat.
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