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  • Drainage systems /

    Extraction Systems precipitation

    System of tap of precipitation from the site – One of the important points that should think at the early stages of design and construction. Otherwise, future costs will be significantly higher.

    To rainfall did not stay on the roof of the house, it is equipped drainage system, but that's about where the water from the downspout flow further, think in the last turn, often long after the problem showed itself in all beauty: during rain or during snow melt water flooded podtopilo foundation and basement, the site was covered with pools, plants « », swam in an outdoor pool rushed mudslides & hellip; It is necessary to take a shovel and dig the groove to bring the excess water out of their possessions. But there are more modern ways of diversion of surface water that do not cause trouble in operation, easy to use and fit perfectly into the garden landscape. It is a surface drainage systems that collect rain and snowmelt water and discharged them in the storm water drain.

    In what locations to organize the collection of rainwater?

    In & shy; first, around the house to protect the foundations, basements and blind area from the damaging effects of moisture and prolong the service life of structures. To do this in the project must be provided under each drain pipe inlets accommodation – devices for receiving water from the gutters and drain it into storm sewers. However, rain and melt water taken out debris, sand. To stormwater system is not clogged, most manufacturers equip gullies built baskets for garbage collection and siphons, which prevent the emergence of unpleasant odors from the sewer. Storm-water inlets are outlets for connection to the storm water drain.

    Street inlet – a device for point drainage. This is useful where the water comes from a local source – drainpipe, watering and so on tap. n. The most convenient to collect water from the gutters – gullies that can be directly connected to the roof drain. The water from the roof, bypassing the base, and the facade blind area is « direct fire » to enter into drains. If Street inlet valve is installed under watering or other local source of water, it is closed from the top grid.

    Another point where it makes sense to install « assembly point » Water and dirt, – directly in front of the house. For these purposes there for doors lattice pallet. Shoes cleared the bars, the dirt is collected in a special tray gryazesobirayuschy. As with other devices of the surface drainage tray opens into storm sewers. If the system is supplemented by a siphon, it will facilitate cleaning and prevent its way out of unpleasant odors. Lattice made of metal for doors – stainless steel, aluminum and the like. d. The most effective combination was purified footwear lattice aluminum with inserts made of rubber, felt, copra.

    In order to collect water from large areas using a linear system of drainage channels, which are flat ramps dripping water. Such lines lay along the foundation of the house and other buildings on the site, along the garden paths, entrance to the garage, around the outdoor swimming pools - – In general, in those places where it is necessary to quickly collect the water at a significant surface. From catchment channel water gets into the storm sewers. Before the release of the sewage system is recommended to install the trash box, which will delay the endurable with the water waste. For the removal of water from the terraces, balconies, roofs and other exploited height restrictions grounds are special shallow-draft drains (low mounting depth).

    What to choose?

    Drainage channels and gullies can be made from ordinary cement concrete, fiber-reinforced concrete (concrete, glass fiber reinforced), polymer concrete, galvanized or stainless steel and impact-resistant cold-resistant synthetic materials – PVC, high density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP), and others. For the price of the most affordable drainage systems of cement concrete, but this is hardly their only advantage. Under the influence of moisture and temperature fluctuations cement concrete is rapidly destroyed. Much safer products from fiber-reinforced concrete (Hauraton, Germany; Standartpark, Russia). Drainage systems from polymer concrete will last 30 years or more. They are produced domestic and foreign manufacturers (ACO, Germany; Standartpark, Russia; MEA, Italy, etc.). Unfortunately, Polymer structure is not only the most reliable, but also one of the most expensive. The optimal choice for private homeownership – drainage devices of modern plastics. They are affordable, have a frost and wear resistance, high impact strength, chemical and biological inertness. The smooth surface of the polymer increases the capacity of the drain and prevents silting of canals. Light weight and easy handling of plastic facilitate transportation system and its installation.

    A wide range of plastic drainage systems offer the company HAURATON, ACO (Germany), NICOLL (France), HUNTER (Veliko & shy; Britain); UPONOR (Finland) STANDARTPARK (Russia), REDI (Italy) and others. If you choose, it is important to pay attention to the range of basic and additional elements (angular gutters, pipes and so on. D.), Ease of installation and maintenance, ease of connections to the sewerage system.

    Calculating the number of drains and other elements of the drainage system is based on the Hydroproject. Depending on the location of the required bandwidth required width matched drains. In the private construction of drains are considered optimal width of 100 — 130 mm.

    Regardless of the material from which the drain, it is recommended to install it on a concrete base. Installation begins with the installation trashbox the bottom mark of the track. Next scheduled line cord laying channels. Connect drains to the sewage system, it is desirable to carry out through the trash box. Vertical connection can be made through a siphon.

    Plastic gutters are light weight and thickness, so their installation is easier to prepare a trench with a bias. If you select a system of concrete, for the organization of bias is easier to use the product, the inner surface of which has a slope or stepped scheme apply to raznovysotnyh laying drains.

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